WELCOME TO BLACK LAKE, NY - A FRESHWATER FISHERMAN'S PARADISE

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Abaft
Toward the rear (stern) of the boat. Behind.

Abeam
At right angles to the keel of the boat, but not on the boat.

Aboard
On or within the boat.

Above Deck
On the deck (not over it - see ALOFT).

Aft
Toward the stern of the boat.

Aground
Touching or fast to the bottom.

Ahead
In a forward direction.

Aloft
Above the deck of the boat.

Amidships
In or toward the center of the boat.

Anchor
A heavy metal device, fastened to a chain or line, to hold a vessel in position, partly because of its weight, but chiefly because the designed shape digs into the bottom.

Anchorage
A place suitable for anchoring in relation to the wind, seas and bottom.

Astern
In back of the boat, opposite of ahead.

Athwartships
At right angles to the centerline of the boat; rowboat seats are generally athwartships.

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Batten Down
Secure hatches and loose objects both within the hull and on deck.

Beacon
A lighted or unlighted fixed aid to navigation attached directly to the earth's surface. (Lights and daybeacons both constitute "beacons.")

Beam
The greatest width of the boat.

Bearing
The direction of an object expressed either as a true bearing as shown on the chart, or as a bearing relative to the heading of the boat.

Below
Beneath the deck.

Bight
The part of the rope or line, between the end and the standing part, on which a knot is formed. A shallow bay.

Bilge
The interior of the hull below the floor boards.

Bitter Ends
The last part of a rope or chain. The inboard end of the anchor rode.

Block
A wooden or metal case enclosing one or more pulleys and having a hook, eye, or strap by which it may be attached.

Boat
A fairly indefinite term. A waterborne vehicle smaller than a ship. One definition is a small craft carried aboard a ship.

Boat Hook
A short shaft with a fitting at one end shaped to facilitate use in putting a line over a piling, recovering an object dropped overboard, or in pushing or fending off.

Bow
The forward part of a boat.

Bow Line
A docking line leading from the bow

Bow Spring Line
A bow pivot line used in docking and undocking, or to prevent the boat from moving forward or astern while made fast to a pier.

Bowline Knot
A knot used to form a temporary loop in the end of a line.

Bowsprit
A spar extending forward from the bow.

Bridge
The location from which a vessel is steered and its speed controlled. "Control Station" is really a more appropriate term for small craft.

Bulkhead
A vertical partition separating compartments.

Buoy
An anchored float used for marking a position on the water or a hazard or a shoal and for mooring.

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Cabin
A compartment for passengers or crew.

Capsize
To turn over.

Cast Off
To let go.

Catamaran
A twin-hulled boat, with hulls side-by-side.

Chafing Gear
Tubing or cloth wrapping used to protect a line from chafing on a rough surface.

Channel
1. That part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable. It is usually marked by a single or double line of buoys and sometimes by range markers. 2. The deepest part of a stream, bay, or strait, through which the main current flows. 3. A name given to a large strait, for example, the English Channel.

Chart
A map for use by navigators.

Chine
The intersection of the bottom and sides of a flat or v-bottomed boat.

Chock
A fitting through which anchor or mooring lines are led. Usually U-shaped to reduce chafe.

Cleat
A fitting to which lines are made fast. The classic cleat to which lines are belayed is approximately anvil-shaped.

Clove Hitch
A knot for temporarily fastening a line to a spar or piling.

Coaming
A vertical piece around the edge of a cockpit, hatch, etc. to prevent water on deck from running below.

Cockpit
An opening in the deck from which the boat is handled.

Coil
To lay a line down in circular turns.

Compass
Navigation instrument, either magnetic (showing magnetic north) or gyro (showing true north).

Compass Card
Part of a compass, the card is graduated in degrees, to conform with the magnetic meridian-referenced direction system inscribed with direction which remains constant; the vessel turns, not the card.

Compass Rose
The resulting figure when the complete 360° directional system is developed as a circle with each degree graduated upon it, and with the 000° indicated as True North. True North is also known as true rose. This is printed on nautical charts for determining direction.

Current
The horizontal movement of water.

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Daybeacon
A fixed navigation aid structure used in shallow waters upon which is placed one or more daymarks.

Daymark
A signboard attached to a daybeacon to convey navigational information presenting one of several standard shapes (square, triangle, rectangle) and colors (red, green, orange, yellow, or black). Daymarks usually have reflective material indicating the shape, but may also be lighted.

Dead Ahead
Directly ahead

Dead Astern
Directly aft or behind.

Dead Reckoning
A plot of courses steered and distances traveled through the water.

Deck
A permanent covering over a compartment, hull or any part of a ship serving as a floor.

Displacement
The weight of water displaced by a floating vessel.

Displacement Hull
A type of hull that plows through the water, displacing a weight of water equal to its own weight, even when more power is added.

Dock
A protected water area in which vessels are moored. The term is often used to denote a pier or a wharf.

Draft
The depth of water a boat draws.

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Ease
To slacken or relieve tension on a line.

Ebb Tide
A receding tide.

Even Keel
When a boat is floating on its designed waterline, it is said to be floating on an even keel.

Eye Of The Wind
The direction from which the wind is blowing.

Eye Splice
A permanent loop spliced in the end of a line.

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Fast
Said of an object that is secured to another.

Fathom
Six feet.

Fender
A cushion, placed between boats, or between a boat and a pier, to prevent damage.

Figure Eight Knot
A knot in the form of a figure eight, placed in the end of a line to prevent the line from passing through a grommet or a block.

Flame Arrester
A safety device, such as a metal mesh protector, to prevent an exhaust backfire from causing an explosion; operates by absorbing heat.

Flare
The outward curve of a vessel's sides near the bow. A distress signal.

Flying Bridge
An added set of controls above the level of the normal control station for better visibility. Usually open, but may have a collapsible top for shade.

Fore And Aft
In a line parallel to the keel.

Forward
Toward the bow of the boat.

Fouled
Any piece of equipment that is jammed or entangled, or dirtied.

Founder
When a vessel fills with water and sinks.

Freeboard
The minimum vertical distance from the surface of the water to the gunwale.

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Gaff
A spar to support the head of a gaff sail.

Galley
The kitchen area of a boat.

Gear
A general term for ropes, blocks, tackle and other equipment.

Give-Way Vessel
A term, from the Navigational Rules, used to describe the vessel which must yield in meeting, crossing, or overtaking situations.

Grab Rails
Hand-hold fittings mounted on cabin tops and sides for personal safety when moving around the boat.

Ground Tackle
Anchor, anchor rode (line or chain), and all the shackles and other gear used for attachment.

Gunwale
The upper edge of a boat's sides.

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Harbor
A safe anchorage, protected from most storms; may be natural or man-made, with breakwaters and jetties; a place for docking and loading.

Hatch
An opening in a boat's deck fitted with a watertight cover.

Head
A marine toilet. Also the upper corner of a triangular sail.

Heading
The direction in which a vessel's bow points at any given time.

Headway
The forward motion of a boat. Opposite of sternway.

Heave To
To bring a vessel up in a position where it will maintain little or no headway, usually with the bow into the wind or nearly so.

Heel
To tip to one side.

Helm
The wheel or tiller controlling the rudder

Hitch
A knot used to secure a rope to another object or to another rope, or to form a loop or a noose in a rope.

Hold
A compartment below deck in a large vessel, used solely for carrying cargo.

Hull
The main body of a vessel.

Hypothermia
A life-threatening condition in which the body's warming mechanisms fail to maintain normal body temperature and the entire body cools.

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Inboard
More toward the center of a vessel; inside; a motor fitted inside the boat.

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Kedge
To use an anchor to move a boat by hauling on the anchor rode; a basic anchor type.

Keel
The centerline of a boat running fore and aft; the backbone of a vessel.

Ketch
A two-masted sailboat with the smaller after mast stepped ahead of the rudder post.

Knot
A measure of speed equal to one nautical mile (6076 feet) per hour. A fastening made by interweaving rope to form a stopper, to enclose or bind an object, to form a loop or a noose, to tie a small rope to an object, or to tie the ends of two small ropes together.

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Leeward
The direction away from the wind. Opposite of windward.

Leeway
The sideways movement of the boat caused by either wind or current.

Line
Rope and cordage used aboard a vessel.

Log
A record of courses or operation. Also, a device to measure speed.

Lunner's Line
A mark or permanent line on a compass indicating the direction forward; parallel to the keel when properly installed

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Mast
A spar set upright to support rigging and sails.

Monohull
A boat with one hull.

Mooring
An arrangement for securing a boat to a mooring buoy or a pier.

Mooring Buoy
A buoy secured to a permanent anchor sunk deeply into the bottom.

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Nautical Mile
One minute of latitude; approximately 6076 feet - about 1/8 longer than the statute mile of 5280 feet.

Navigatione
The art and science of conducting a boat safely from one point to another.

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Outboard
Toward or beyond the boat's sides. A detachable engine mounted on a boat's stern.

Outdrive
A propulsion system for boats with an inboard engine operating an exterior drive, with drive shaft, gears, and propeller; also called stern-drive and inboard/outboard.

Overboard
Over the side or out of the boat.

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Painter
A line attached to the bow of a boat for use in towing or making fast.

Pay Out
To ease out a line, or let it run in a controlled manner.

Pennant
The line by which a boat is made fast to a mooring buoy.

Personal Flotation Device (PFD)
PFD is official terminology for life jacket. When properly used, the PFD will support a person in the water. Available in several sizes and types.

Pier
A loading/landing platform extending at an angle from the shore.

Piloting
Navigation by use of visible references, the depth of the water, etc.

Pitch
1. The alternate rise and fall of the bow of a vessel proceeding through waves; 2. The theoretical distance advanced by a propeller in one revolution; 3. Tar and resin used for caulking between the planks of a wooden vessel.

Pitchpoling
A small boat being thrown end-over-end in very rough seas.

Planing Hull
A type of hull shaped to glide easily across the water at high speed.

Port
The left side of a boat looking forward. A harbor.

Propeller
A rotating device, with two or more blades, that acts as a screw in propelling a vessel.

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Quarter
The sides of a boat aft of amidships.

Quartering Sea
Sea coming on a boat's quarter.

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Reff
To reduce the sail area.

Rigging
The general term for all the lines of a vessel.

Rode
The anchor line and/or chain.

Roll
The alternating motion of a boat, leaning alternately to port and starboard; the motion of a boat about its fore-and-aft axis.

Rope
In general, cordage as it is purchased at the store. When it comes aboard a vessel and is put to use, it becomes a line.

Rudder
A vertical plate or board for steering a boat.

Running Lights
Lights required to be shown on boats underway between sundown and sunup.

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Scope
The ratio of the length of an anchor line, from a vessel's bow to the anchor, to the depth of the water.

Screw
A boat's propeller.

Sea Anchor
Any device used to reduce a boat's drift before the wind.

Secure
To make fast.

Shackle
A "U" shaped connector with a pin or bolt across the open end.

Shear Pin
A safety device, used to fasten a propeller to its shaft; it breaks when the propeller hits a solid object, thus preventing further damage.

Sheet Bend
A knot used to join two ropes. Functionally different from a square knot in that it can be used between lines of different diameters.

Ship
A larger vessel usually used for ocean travel. A vessel able to carry a "boat" on board.

Shoal
An offshore hazard to navigation at a depth of 16 fathoms (30 meters or 96 feet) or less, composed of unconsolidated material.

Slack
Not fastened; loose. Also, to loosen.

Sloop
A single masted vessel with working sails (main and jib) set fore and aft.

Splice
To permanently join two ropes by tucking their strands alternately over and under each other.

Spring Line
A pivot line used in docking, undocking, or to prevent the boat from moving forward or astern while made fast to a dock.

Squall
A sudden, violent wind often accompanied by rain.

Square Knot
A knot used to join two lines of similar size. Also called a reef knot.

Standing Part
That part of a line which is made fast. The main part of a line as distinguished from the bight and the end.

Stand-On Vessel
That vessel which continues its course in the same direction at the same speed during a crossing or overtaking situation, unless a collision appears imminent. (Was formerly called "the privileged vessel.")

Starboard
The right side of a boat when looking forward.

Stern
The after part (back) of the boat.

Stern Line
A docking line leading away from the stern.

Stow
To pack or store away; especially, to pack in an orderly, compact manner.

Swamp
To fill with water, but not settle to the bottom.

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Tackle
A combination of blocks and line to increase mechanical advantage.

Thwart
A seat or brace running laterally across a boat.

Tide
The periodic rise and fall of water level in the oceans.

Tiller
A bar or handle for turning a boat's rudder or an outboard motor.

Topsides
The sides of a vessel between the waterline and the deck; sometimes referring to onto or above the deck.

Transom
The stern cross-section of a square-sterned boat.

Trim
Fore and aft balance of a boat.

Trimaran
A boat with three hulls.

Tripline
A line fast to the crown of an anchor by means of which it can be hauled out when dug too deeply or fouled; a similar line used on a sea anchor to bring it aboard.

True North Pole
The north end of the earth's axis. Also called North Geographic Pole. The direction indicated by 000° (or 360°) on the true compass rose.

True Wind
The actual direction from which the wind is blowing.

Turnbuckle
A threaded, adjustable rigging fitting, used for stays, lifelines and sometimes other rigging.

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Underway
Vessel in motion, i.e., when not moored, at anchor, or aground.

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V Bottom
A hull with the bottom section in the shape of a "V."

Variation
The angular difference between the magnetic meridian and the geographic meridian at a particular location.

VHF Radio
A very high frequency electronic communications and direction finding system.

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Wake
Moving waves, track or path that a boat leaves behind when moving across the waters.

Waterline
A line painted on a hull which shows the point to which a boat sinks when it is properly trimmed.

Way
Movement of a vessel through the water, such as headway, sternway, or leeway.

Wharf
A man-made structure bonding the edge of a dock and built along or at an angle to the shoreline, used for loading, unloading, or tying up vessels.

Winch
A device used to increase hauling power when raising or trimming sails.

Windward
Toward the direction from which the wind is coming. Opposite of leeward.

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Yaw
To swing off course, as when due to the impact of a following or quartering sea.

Yawl
A two-masted sailboat with the small mizzen mast stepped abaft the rudder post.

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